In general, a bob haircut is a blunt cut that is level with the bottom of the ears all the way around the head. There are many varieties of bob haircuts, but they typically are worn either with bangs or with the hair swept across or off the forehead. A bob is considered to look good on many face structures and works with many textures of hair. This look comes in and out of fashion often, generally re-entering with a new and interesting twist.
Women have worn short hair ever since they began imitating the Roman Emperor Titus, and possibly before that, but the greatest popularity of this fashion came about during the First World War. In 1915, female ambulance drivers utilized the bob for reasons of convenience and sanitation. For this reason, the cut became highly fashionable among French women.
It wasn’t until 1918, when Irene Castle, a renowned ballroom dancer, donned a bob haircut, that it became hugely successful in the United States. The Castle bob dramatically changed the look of female youths during the 1920s. Many young women readily accepted the chance to shed their long, feminine locks in favor of the daring, dangerous bob. In cutting their hair, women felt they gained some measure of independence and equality with men. The instantaneous attachment to the haircut foreshadowed significant changes in Western society that came about during the 1920s.
At one time, women could get bob haircuts only at barbershops; some cities reported women waiting in lines outside shops, even lounging on the floor, waiting for their turn under the shears. The bob also propelled a new industry in the United States. The number of hairdressing shops in the U.S. is believed to have more than quadrupled from 1920-1924.
A More Severe Hairstyle
The shingle bob came into existence in 1923 and was a more severe take on the bob haircut. In a true shingle bob, the hair tapers to a “V” at the nape of the neck, and the sides are either waves or curls. This version of the bob often had some people lamenting that, from the back, it was difficult to tell whether a person was a male or a female.
Despite its popularity, not everyone accepted the new hairstyle. Queen Mary of England requested that all ladies at court functions would hide their short hair. Some employers forced employees to grow their hair long again or fired women who had bobbed hair. Some women kept the pieces of their long hair after it had been cut to use as hairpieces that made their hair look long again.