A hydrotherapy tub is like a cross between a bathtub and a hot tub. This type of bathtub combines different technologies to create a comfortable atmosphere with adjustable underwater nozzles and spray to create a vibrating, massaging sensation on sore areas of the body. The water temperature is usually adjustable, and often a movable spray head is included for washing and rinsing. It is available for both personal use in the home and for professional use at spas and clinics.
Patients may use the tub both for pain relief and for luxury. A homeowner may want a tub to help with back problems or aching muscles along with simply taking a relaxing bath. Older patients or those who need physical therapy may use a hydrotherapy tub at home or at a physical therapy office. It can help relax sore muscles and stimulate blood flow. While the hydrotherapy tub can help in many cases, exercise and physical therapy are also an important part of recovery.
Hydrotherapy tubs often feature several adjustable nozzles like those found in a hot tub. Warm jets of water shoot out and the nozzles are adjusted to hit problem areas, such as the lower back. The temperature and force of the spray can usually be adjusted for the user's comfort. Other features are available, such as walk-in tubs with doors and extra nozzles to reach more places. Many feature comfort seating and adjustable back rests, a popular feature in professional use.
Spas and treatment centers often offer packages that include baths in the hydrotherapy tubs. The professional tubs are usually larger and feature draining and self-cleaning systems. The larger size allows the user to fully submerse her body, and a drainage system carries away any water that splashes over the side.
Benefits of the hydrotherapy tub include increased blood flow and relaxation in tense or painful areas. Warm water has long been used for easing pain, though it is not clear how the benefits compare to other programs. Exercise combined with hydrotherapy can help increase movement, though some patients who have limited mobility may be unable to engage in physical activities.
Aside from the health benefits in patients, homeowners may enjoy a personal hydrotherapy tub for relaxing and unwinding after a hard day's work. The water stays warm, unlike a normal bathtub, and the design makes it more comfortable to sit back and relax in the tub. Even without a physical problem, the user can still benefit from a soothing bath in a home hydrotherapy tub.